JOBS AND TERRITORIES
Success stories of competitiveness clusters and clusters
In about twenty years, the French production territories have become structured and organized. Focused on innovation, they nonetheless have a dominant and obsessive ulterior motive: to anchor activities and develop the jobs of the future! They were not structured on their own, of course, and were able to rely on major government and territorial policies: from local productive systems (1999) to competitiveness clusters (2005), including business clusters (2009). ), regional clusters (from the 2000s), territorial economic cooperation poles (2013) ...
New key jobs, firmly anchored
Let's get it right: the jobs shown in the infographic above are not all new, recently created jobs.
But these jobs have a particularity which makes them exceptional jobs: they are “anchored jobs”!
Mainly industrial sectors, often qualified as “traditional”, these jobs - thanks to the power of collective action carried out with the tact of clusters and their corporate collectives - are reinventing themselves and adapting to new market requirements. targets of their companies.
Are the markets globalizing?
Are the competition now on the other side of the planet?
Are the principals massive in their orders? Are technologies revolutionizing production tools? Do more protective regulations for human health and the environment make it necessary to produce differently? Are consumers' expectations changing, more imbued with values and quality?
With the support of their clusters, of collective reflections animated in shared studies, the entrepreneurs analyze
calmly these new facts, better understand the issues, build development strategies together, experiment and prototype, modify their production process, diversify their customers, invest in groups of SMEs in high-performance machines, increase their product catalogs, identify new professions keys to their future activities, pool training for their employees, educate schoolchildren and students to attract new talents ... and thus build new conditions for the sustainability of jobs and anchoring their activity in the regions.
And the results are there, concrete, to illustrate it
The impact on employment - in terms of the number of “new jobs created” - is undoubtedly not revolutionary. It's never enough, of course. But in terms of jobs, we are not making a revolution. In terms of employment, we build on a case-by-case basis. The "small steps policy" prevails and brings results because it focuses on new key skills that SMEs lack.
This policy is part of local areas, is based on a collective conscience, in a multi-party contract associating companies, local elected representatives, training organizations, employees and job seekers.
The Measuring Network (Ile de France), for example, whose companies produce measuring instruments
usable in very diverse fields of activity, supports its members in broadening their fields of
skills in multimedia, internet and communication techniques. We learn to y
master data to no longer only sell instruments but rather more complete functions
data measurement and interpretation. Another example, Cluster Drones Paris Region, a new cluster mainly located at the BA217 air base in Brétigny-sur-Orge, trains future drone pilots, real-time computing engineers, analysts and engineers in artificial intelligence for industrial applications in sectors ranging from aeronautics, security, construction, network surveillance, logistics transport, etc.